文章摘要：2018年PETS四级阅读理解练习题（2）, 次年１月１０日，晋察冀边区军政民代表大会在河北阜平召开，出席会议的有共产党员、国民党员、各抗日军队和抗日群众团体的代表，工人、农民、开明绅士和资本家的代表，蒙、回、藏等少数民族的代表以及五台山寺庙的和尚、喇嘛等１４０余人，代表着边区３０余县的广大民众。”王运涛说，尤其随着机体轻量化的要求，机体的材质更趋向采用复合材料，在刚性和韧性间寻找平衡。而涉及未成年人而从重处罚的罪名亦有引诱、教唆、欺骗他人吸毒罪，强迫他人吸毒罪、强迫劳动罪、虐待被监护、看护人罪、组织卖淫罪、强迫卖淫罪等罪名，比如在《刑法》第三百四十七条有关走私、贩卖、运输、制造毒品罪的规定中，便明文规定了利用、教唆未成年人走私、贩卖、运输、制造毒品，或者向未成年人出售毒品的，从重处罚。, 王受文在发言中表示，按照首次RCEP领导人会议指示，各领域在2018年都取得了有效推进。她说，在秘鲁的17年，从来没有用过自己的中文名，生怕别人发现踪迹，只能隐姓埋名。直到冯卫东拆线后，来看望父母时，才被罗巧珍发现了伤疤。。
In 1784, five years before he became president of the United States, George Washington, 52, was nearly toothless. So he hired a dentist to transplant nine teeth into his jaw – having extracted them from the mouths of his slaves.
That’s a far different image from the cherry-tree-chopping George most people remember from their history books. But recently, many historians have begun to focus on the roles slavery played in the lives of the founding generation. They have been spurred in part by DNA evidence made available in 1998, which almost certainly proved Thomas Jefferson had fathered at least one child with his slave Sally Hemings. And only over the past 30 years have scholars examined history from the bottom up. Works of several historians reveal the moral compromises made by the nation’s early leaders and the fragile nature of the country’s infancy. More significantly, they argue that many of the Founding Fathers knew slavery was wrong – and yet most did little to fight it.
More than anything, the historians say, the founders were hampered by the culture of their time. While Washington and Jefferson privately expressed distaste for slavery, they also understood that it was part of the political and economic bedrock of the country they helped to create.
For one thing, the South could not afford to part with its slaves. Owning slaves was “like having a large bank account,” says Wiencek, author of An Imperfect God: George Washington, His Slaves, and the Creation of America. The southern states would not have signed the Constitution without protections for the “peculiar institution,” including a clause that counted a slave as three fifths of a man for purposes of congressional representation.
And the statesmen’s political lives depended on slavery. The three-fifths formula handed Jefferson his narrow victory in the presidential election of 1800 by inflating the votes of the southern states in the Electoral College. Once in office, Jefferson extended slavery with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803; the new land was carved into 13 states, including three slave states.
Still, Jefferson freed Hemings’s children – though not Hemings herself or his approximately 150 other slaves. Washington, who had begun to believe that all men were created equal after observing the bravery of the black soldiers during the Revolutionary War, overcame the strong opposition of his relatives to grant his slaves their freedom in his will. Only a decade earlier, such an act would have required legislative approval in Virginia.
36. George Washington’s dental surgery is mentioned to .
[A] show the primitive medical practice in the past. [B] demonstrate the cruelty of slavery in his days.
[C] stress the role of slaves in the U.S. history. [D] reveal some unknown aspect of his life.
37. We may infer from the second paragraph that .
[A] DNA technology has been widely applied to history research.
[B] in its early days the U.S. was confronted with delicate situations.
[C] historians deliberately made up some stories of Jefferson’s life.
[D] political compromises are easily found throughout the U.S. history.
38. What do we learn about Thomas Jefferson?
[A] His political view changed his attitude towards slavery.
[B] His status as a father made him free the child slaves.
[C] His attitude towards slavery was complex.
[D] His affair with a slave stained his prestige.
39. Which of the following is true according to the text?
[A] Some Founding Fathers benefit politically from slavery.
[B] Slaves in the old days did not have the right to vote.
[C] Slave owners usually had large savings accounts.
[D] Slavery was regarded as a peculiar institution.
40. Washington’s decision to free slaves originated from his .
[A] moral considerations. [B] military experience. [C] financial conditions. [D] political stand.